A country wishing to join the WTO submits a request to the General Council and must describe all aspects of its trade and economic policy that affect WTO agreements. [95] The application is submitted to the WTO as part of a memorandum reviewed by a working group open to all interested WTO members. [96] The Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) reached at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali in 2013 and entered into force in 2017 was the first agreement reached since the WTO began in 1995. The TFA focuses on simplifying, modernizing and harmonizing export and import processes. It clarifies and improves the relevant aspects of certain articles of the 1994 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (`GATT`) on the free movement of persons, royalties and formalities, and the management of the trade order. Most of these issues are vigorously addressed within the relevant bodies, including the dispute resolution body. But it is our perception that the time has come for nations to realize suo motu that there is no room for unjustified trade confrontations in an interdependent world. Non-tariff barriers, in particular the imposition of anti-dumping duties and repeated investigations into the same issues, create a sense that we should in turn retaliate by denying market access to outsiders. A slowdown in exports as the resulting trade gap increases will certainly be at odds with our efforts to introduce tariffs.

Export growth, particularly to reduce the trade deficit, is very necessary if India is to make progress in further trade and economic liberalization. This requires better access to the markets of India`s trading partners. In March 18, at the mini-ministerial meeting of WTO members, India raised a range of concerns about agricultural trade. India`s concerns are that agriculture remains the main source of livelihoods for many developing countries in the WTO; and they are still struggling with the issue of food security. India, along with other developing countries, has repeatedly stressed the need to address the asymmetric nature of this multilateral trade. India also believes that developed nations should avoid all aid. It expressed the wish to designate a number of specific products essential to their livelihoods, food security and rural development. The MSU was also seen as an important defence mechanism in the face of increased imports. At the same time, there are differences between developing countries in terms of the nudity of these issues. The current Director-General of the WTO is Roberto Av├ędo,[11] who manages a staff of more than 600 people in Geneva, Switzerland. [13] On 7 December 2013, all members agreed on an agreement on trade facilitation, which is part of the Bali Decision Package, the first comprehensive agreement in the organization`s history.

[14] On 23 January 2017, the amendment to the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is the first time that WTO agreements have been amended since the organization opened in 1995, and this amendment should ensure that developing countries have a legal means of using affordable prices under WTO rules. [16] The agreement on the application of sanitary and plant health measures, also known as the sPS agreement, was negotiated during the Uruguay round of THE GATT and came into force with the creation of the WTO in early 1995. Under the SPS agreement, the WTO sets limits on members` policy on food safety (bacterial contaminants, pesticides, inspection and labelling) and animal and plant health (imported pests and diseases). TRIMS, negotiated during the Uruguay Round, applies to measures affecting trade in goods.