The final articles of the agreement deal with its implementation and the parameters of suspension and termination. However, Article 9 is an extremely misplaced article that deals with resettlement and commits each country to help the other “resettle those in need of protection in appropriate circumstances.” Translated, this means that Canada could relocate people who need to be relocated to the United States but do not necessarily want to be relocated to the United States” and vice versa. People seeking security in Canada cross the border irregularly to avoid being returned to the United States under the Safe-Third Country agreement, which closes Canada`s door to most refugees at the border with the United States. Concerns have been raised about the lack of security legislation for refugee protection in the United States. This security problem and argument give refugees legitimate reasons to turn around in Canada to lead a better life. On December 29, 2005, a group of refugee and human rights organizations (in Canada and the United States) launched legal action against the U.S. claim as a safe third country for asylum seekers. This action was supported by prominent figures such as Justice Michael Phelan of the Federal Court of Canada on November 29, 2007 and many others. Measures for safe third countries should reduce the number of refugees in orbit by ensuring that each asylum application is thoroughly considered by one of the contracting states. In fact, the number of refugees with indeterminate legal status has increased. Asylum seekers have reacted to the new rules with desperate attempts to get rid of evidence of transit in other countries.

The trafficking of refugees, often in terrible conditions, has increased. Since 1989, Canadian law has made the denial of asylum seekers because of “safe third country” reasons, but the provision has never been invoked. In the mid-1990s, the governments of the United States and Canada came up with an agreement that is currently on the table, but negotiations were halted before it could be concluded. Recently, a number of events have made the environment in Canada more sensitive to such an agreement. After 9/11, the sensitivity to terror and security increased. The general public has somehow associated immigration and refugees with terrorism and increasingly supports the idea of a “fortress of North America.” In addition, the number of asylum seekers in Canada has increased in recent years to 44,718 in 2001. While the number of refugees has declined significantly in recent months (according to initial estimates, there will be about 31,000 applications in 2002), government officials are concerned that the refugee deterrence system, which has the means to process some 30,000 applications per year, will not be able to cope with the number of new arrivals if arrivals are not reduced.